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Gymnothorax

Informazioni e notizie sulla tassonomia e sulle specie comprese nel genere

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Una murena maculata, Gymnothorax meleagris à la Réunion - Foto © Philippe Bourjon (Wikimedia)

Qui sotto l'elenco delle specie attualmente comprese nel genere, con i link alle schede di Fishbase, da cui è tratta la tabella:

Anno Nome Scientifico Nome Inglese Distribuzione Lunghezza Max (cm)
1795 Gymnothorax afer Dark moray Eastern Atlantic 100 TL
1846 Gymnothorax albimarginatus Whitemargin moray Indo-Pacific 105 TL
1916 Gymnothorax angusticauda Narrowtail moray Indo-West Pacific 50.3 SL
1949 Gymnothorax angusticeps   Southeast Pacific 51 TL
1937 Gymnothorax annasona   Southwest Pacific 55.3 TL
1997 Gymnothorax annulatus Ringed moray Western Pacific 50.1 TL
1935 Gymnothorax atolli Atoll moray Eastern Central Pacific 20.6 TL
1992 Gymnothorax australicola South Pacific moray South Pacific 37.5 TL
2001 Gymnothorax austrinus Southern moray Eastern Indian Ocean 88.2 TL
1987 Gymnothorax bacalladoi Canary moray Eastern Central Atlantic 34.7 TL
2008 Gymnothorax baranesi   Western Indian Ocean 85.7 TL
1975 Gymnothorax bathyphilus Deep-dwelling moray Southeast Pacific 76.4 TL
1904 Gymnothorax berndti Y-patterned moray Western Indian Ocean 100 TL
1977 Gymnothorax breedeni Blackcheek moray Indo-Pacific 100 TL
1857 Gymnothorax buroensis Vagrant moray Indo-Pacific 38.7 TL
1883 Gymnothorax castaneus Panamic green moray Eastern Pacific 150 TL
1999 Gymnothorax castlei Castle's moray Indo-West Pacific 25 TL
2001 Gymnothorax cephalospilus Head-spot moray Indo-West Pacific 20.2 TL
1864 Gymnothorax chilospilus Lipspot moray Indo-Pacific 50.5 TL
1908 Gymnothorax chlamydatus Banded mud moray Western Pacific 60 TL
1867 Gymnothorax conspersus Saddled moray Western Atlantic 110 TL
1932 Gymnothorax cribroris Sieve-patterned moray Western Pacific 75 TL
2008 Gymnothorax davidsmithi Flores mud moray East Indian Ocean 29.9 TL
1917 Gymnothorax dorsalis   Western Pacific 82.2 TL
1870 Gymnothorax dovii Finespotted moray Eastern Pacific 170 TL
1883 Gymnothorax elegans Elegant moray Indo-West Pacific 64.7 TL
2010 Gymnothorax emmae   Western Pacific 43 TL
1982 Gymnothorax enigmaticus Enigmatic moray Indo-Pacific 58 TL
1946 Gymnothorax equatorialis Spottail moray Eastern Pacific 75 TL
1860 Gymnothorax eurostus Abbott's moray eel Indo-Pacific 60 TL
2001 Gymnothorax eurygnathos   Eastern Central Pacific 46.9 TL
1801 Gymnothorax favagineus Laced moray Indo-Pacific 300 TL
1832 Gymnothorax fimbriatus Fimbriated moray Indo-Pacific 80 TL
1830 Gymnothorax flavimarginatus Yellow-edged moray Indo-Pacific 240 TL
1996 Gymnothorax flavoculus   Western Indian Ocean 40.7 TL
1864 Gymnothorax formosus   Western Central Pacific.  
1839 Gymnothorax funebris Green moray Western Atlantic 250 TL
1953 Gymnothorax fuscomaculatus Brown spotted moray Indo-Pacific 20 TL
1903 Gymnothorax gracilicauda Slendertail moray Pacific Ocean 32 TL
1803 Gymnothorax griseus Geometric moray Western Indian Ocean 65 TL
2004 Gymnothorax hansi   Indian Ocean  
1830 Gymnothorax hepaticus Liver-colored moray eel Indo-Pacific 100 TL
1933 Gymnothorax herrei Herre's moray Indo-West Pacific 30 TL
1977 Gymnothorax hubbsi Lichen moray Western Atlantic 30 TL
1979 Gymnothorax intesi   Central Pacific 100 TL
1845 Gymnothorax isingteena   Indo-West Pacific 180 TL
1859 Gymnothorax javanicus Giant moray Indo-Pacific 300 TL
1962 Gymnothorax johnsoni Whitespotted moray Western Indian Ocean 130 TL
1846 Gymnothorax kidako Kidako moray Western Central Pacific 91.5 SL
1980 Gymnothorax kolpos Blacktail moray Western Atlantic 91 TL
2000 Gymnothorax kontodontos Short-tooth moray Indo-Pacific 18 TL
1948 Gymnothorax longinquus   Southwest Pacific.  
1862 Gymnothorax maderensis Sharktooth moray Eastern Atlantic 100 TL
1953 Gymnothorax mareei Spotjaw moray Eastern Atlantic 40 TL
1864 Gymnothorax margaritophorus Blotch-necked moray Indo-Pacific 70 TL
1953 Gymnothorax marshallensis Marshall Islands moray Western Pacific 18 TL
1997 Gymnothorax mccoskeri   Eastern Indian Ocean and 36.2 TL
1995 Gymnothorax megaspilus Oman moray Western Indian Ocean 59.5 TL
2011 Gymnothorax melanosomatus   Pacific Ocean 50.4 TL
1953 Gymnothorax melatremus Dwarf moray Indo-Pacific 30 TL
1795 Gymnothorax meleagris Turkey moray Indo-Pacific 120 TL
2000 Gymnothorax microstictus Smallspot moray Western Central Pacific 30 TL
1856 Gymnothorax miliaris Goldentail moray Western Atlantic 70 TL
1846 Gymnothorax minor   Western Pacific 54.5 TL
1864 Gymnothorax moluccensis Moluccan moray Indo-West Pacific 45 TL
1856 Gymnothorax monochrous Drab moray Indo-West Pacific 80 TL
1909 Gymnothorax monostigma One-spot moray Indo-Pacific Ocean 65 TL
1859 Gymnothorax mordax California moray Eastern Pacific 152 TL
1829 Gymnothorax moringa Spotted moray Western Atlantic 200 TL
1961 Gymnothorax nasuta Easter island moray Southeast Pacific 73.9 TL
1911 Gymnothorax neglectus   Northwest Pacific 120 TL
1858 Gymnothorax nigromarginatus Blackedge moray Western Atlantic 99 TL
1996 Gymnothorax niphostigmus Snowflake-patched moray Northwest Pacific 75.7 TL
1848 Gymnothorax nubilus Grey moray Southwest Pacific 82 TL
1867 Gymnothorax nudivomer Yellowmouth moray Indo-Pacific 180 TL
1904 Gymnothorax nuttingi   Eastern Central Pacific 112 TL
1932 Gymnothorax obesus Griffin's moray Southwest Pacific 180 TL
1831 Gymnothorax ocellatus Ocellated moray Western Atlantic 90 TL
1876 Gymnothorax panamensis Masked moray Eastern Pacific 75 TL
1991 Gymnothorax parini   Western Indian Ocean 6.5 TL
1998 Gymnothorax phalarus   Eastern Pacific 92.7 TL
1962 Gymnothorax phasmatodes Ghost moray Indo-West Pacific 46 TL
1907 Gymnothorax philippinus Philippines moray Western Pacific 60 TL
1789 Gymnothorax pictus Paintspotted moray Indo-Pacific 140 TL
1883 Gymnothorax pikei Pike's moray Indo-West Pacific 77 TL
1962 Gymnothorax pindae Pinda moray Indo-Pacific 39 TL
1875 Gymnothorax polygonius Polygon moray Eastern Atlantic 98 TL
2000 Gymnothorax polyspondylus   Eastern Central Pacific 41.6 TL
1854 Gymnothorax polyuranodon Freshwater moray Indo-Pacific 150 TL
1848 Gymnothorax porphyreus Lowfin moray South Pacific 103.2 TL
1848 Gymnothorax prasinus Yellow moray Southwest Pacific 91.5 TL
1895 Gymnothorax prionodon Australian mottled moray Western Pacific 150 TL
2000 Gymnothorax prismodon   Eastern Central Pacific 49.7 TL
1991 Gymnothorax prolatus   Northwest Pacific 40.4 TL
2000 Gymnothorax pseudoherrei False brown moray Indo-West Central Pacific  
1853 Gymnothorax pseudothyrsoideus Highfin moray Indo-West Pacific 80 TL
2017 Gymnothorax pseudotile Bengal low-fin moray Eastern Indian Ocean 47 TL
1863 Gymnothorax punctatofasciatus Bars'n spots moray Indo-West Pacific 50.5 TL
1801 Gymnothorax punctatus Red Sea whitespotted moray Western Indian Ocean 90 TL
1997 Gymnothorax randalli Randall's moray Indo-Pacific 36.3 TL
1845 Gymnothorax reevesii Reeve's moray Indo-West Pacific. 70 TL
1795 Gymnothorax reticularis   Indo-West Pacific 60 TL
1852 Gymnothorax richardsonii Richardson's moray Indo-Pacific 34 TL
1997 Gymnothorax robinsi Robins' moray Indo-West Pacific. 18.2 TL
1844 Gymnothorax rueppelliae Banded moray Indo-Pacific 80 TL
1848 Gymnothorax sagenodeta   Western Indian Ocean  
1997 Gymnothorax sagmacephalus   Northwest Pacific 53.4 TL
1891 Gymnothorax saxicola Honeycomb moray Western Atlantic 60 TL
1949 Gymnothorax serratidens   Southeast Pacific  
2007 Gymnothorax shaoi   Northwest Pacific 60.8 TL
1968 Gymnothorax sokotrensis   Western Indian Ocean  
1903 Gymnothorax steindachneri Steindachner's moray eel Eastern Central Pacific 91 TL
2008 Gymnothorax taiwanensis Taiwanese moray eel Northwest Pacific 52.3 TL
1845 Gymnothorax thyrsoideus Greyface moray Indo-Pacific 66 TL
1822 Gymnothorax tile Indian mud moray Indo-West Pacific 60 TL
1803 Gymnothorax undulatus Undulated moray Indo-Pacific 150 TL
1809 Gymnothorax unicolor Brown moray Eastern Atlantic 100 TL
1917 Gymnothorax vagrans   Questionably South Americ  
1883 Gymnothorax verrilli White-edged moray Eastern Central Pacific 43 TL
1855 Gymnothorax vicinus Purplemouth moray Western Atlantic 132 TL
2009 Gymnothorax walvisensis   Southeastern Atlantic 41.3 TL
1912 Gymnothorax woodwardi Woodward's moray Eastern Indian Ocean  
1992 Gymnothorax ypsilon Y-bar moray Pacific Ocean 89 TL
1906 Gymnothorax zonipectis Barredfin moray Indo-Pacific 50 TL

Specie appartenenti al Genere

Freshwater moray, Murena d'acqua dolce

Niente porta più fuoristrada del loro nome comune, murene d'acqua dolce: possono tollerare di essere allevate in acqua dolce solo se giovani e per brevi periodi, ma esigono condizioni d'acqua almeno salmastra per vivere in salute, per arrivare da adulte ad acqua marina

Aspettativa di vita: 35-40 anni
Dimensioni max: 60.0 cm TL
Riferimenti & Link

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Murene d'acqua dolce vere e false biggia Mar, 01/27/2009 - 11:35

L'etichetta 'murene d'acqua dolce' viene appioppata a molte specie, ma è una tra le più erronee e che ingenera più confusione: i pesci anguilliformi d'acqua dolce non sono murene, e non esistono 'vere' murene che vivano a lungo e in salute in acqua dolce...

Conosciamoli meglio
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  • No ai pesci giganti in acquario
  • No ai pesci rossi nella boccia
  • I pesci pulitori non esistono!
  • No ai pesci colorati artificialmente
  • No ai pesci combattenti nei vasi
  • No alle tartarughe nelle mini vaschette